There are two main types of aircon gases used in automotive air conditioning systems: R-134a and R-1234yf.
The choice of the best air conditioning refrigerant, also known as aircon gas, for cars, depends on various factors, including environmental considerations, performance, and regulatory standards.
Here's a detailed comparison of these two refrigerants:
Environmental Impact: R-134a is a hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) refrigerant. While it has a lower ozone depletion potential (ODP) compared to older refrigerants like R-12, it has a relatively high global warming potential (GWP), which contributes to climate change.
Performance: R-134a is known for its good cooling performance. It has been widely used in automotive aircon systems for many years and is effective at cooling the cabin air.
Compatibility: Most vehicles manufactured before the mid-2010s are designed to use R-134a. Retrofitting older vehicles to use a different refrigerant might require modifications to the system.
Availability and Cost: R-134a is widely available and has been used extensively, making it generally more affordable than newer alternatives.
Regulations: While R-134a is less environmentally friendly compared to some alternatives, it remains legal for use in automotive aircon systems in many regions.
Environmental Impact: R-1234yf, a hydrofluoroolefin (HFO) refrigerant, was created as a less harmful substitute for HFCs. Compared to R-134a, it has a substantially lower GWP (Global Warming Potential), making it less hazardous to the environment in terms of its effect on the climate.
Performance: Compared to R-134a, R-1234yf has a little lower cooling efficiency, however, improvements in aircon system design help to offset this difference. For R-1234yf, contemporary vehicle designs are optimized.
Several more recent automobiles, particularly those created after 2014, are built to employ R-1234yf. The difficulty of retrofitting older vehicles may increase due to variations in system requirements.
Availability and Cost: When R-1234yf gained popularity, it became more widely available. However, due to considerations like production volume, it may initially cost more than R-134a.
In conclusion, R-134a and R-1234yf each have pros and cons. Although R - 134a has a strong track record and is inexpensive, it has a greater negative influence on the environment.
R-1234yf is less harmful to the environment, however, it might be a little less effective at cooling.
The decision between these two refrigerants depends on the design of your car, local laws, and your own environmental preferences.
While maintaining or recharging your car's aircon, it's critical to adhere to manufacturer instructions and get advice from qualified automotive experts.
Book Fast Car aircon servicing — 9101 3232